Finding a stem cell donor that could cure an HIV patient is difficult; performing the transplant is dangerous. What if we could use patients own stem cells instead?
Depending on how you look at it, Timothy Ray Brown was an unlucky or lucky man. The famous "Berlin patient" was not only HIV-positive but faced a daunting diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia. Treatment failed, so Mr. Brown underwent the standard procedure for such cases: an intense chemotherapy and radiation regimen to knock down his blood stem cells and make way for those from a healthy donor.