Traditionally used to treat cancer, new research shows how immunotherapy could also be useful for treating other diseases as well.
The goal of immunotherapy is to modify or influence the immune system in such a way to enhance its disease-fighting ability. Immunotherapies have been extensively studied and developed for the treatment of various forms of cancer. One type of immunotherapy used to target cancer cells is chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy. In CAR-T therapy, a patient’s T cells are harvested, genetically engineered to target cancer cells, and grown under laboratory conditions. These cells are then injected back into the patient. There are a number of research endeavors that are now investigating the effectiveness of CAR-T cells for non-cancer diseases, including autoimmune conditions.