Stem cells were instrumental in creating new functional diaphragm
The diaphragm is a one of the vital organs of the body; it is responsible for several important functions including its very critical role in respiration. During the process of breathing, the diaphragm contracts to add volume to the thoracic cavity, which enables the lungs to make room for more air. It also separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities. The malfunction of the diaphragm can lead to several life threatening conditions, which can be acquired or congenital. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) are one of the most common birth defects (1:2500) caused by a malformation, or hole, in the diaphragm.